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Physical Education (PE)

Purpose of study

A high-quality physical education curriculum inspires all pupils to succeed and excel in competitive sport and other physically demanding activities. It should provide opportunities for pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. Opportunities to compete in sport and other activities build character and help to embed values such as fairness and respect.

 

 

Aims

The national curriculum for physical education aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities
  • Are physically active for sustained periods of time
  • Engage in competitive sports and activities
  • Lead healthy and active lives

 

 

Introduction to Physical Education at Middleton

Embed – physical literacy skills, key game principles, sportsmanship and positive mind-sets

Enrich – nurture children’s interest in sport, physical wellbeing and healthy lifestyles

Excite – through a broad curriculum, opportunities/experiences and engaging teaching

 

 

Our Curriculum

Throughout children’s time at Middleton, our students will develop in 6 main categories. To be able access some of the categories, children will need to have greater focus on some area’s to be able to access the broad PE curriculum both at Middleton and further into their lives at Secondary School and beyond. The 6 categories are:

 

Physical Literacy

Underpinning all Physical activity is the ability to move fluently in a variety of ways. As children start Middleton in Foundation and in Key Stage 1, there will be a huge focus on this area. Physical literacy can be split into 2 sub categories:

  1. Basic movement skills – these are sometimes referred to the ‘A, B, C’s’ (agility, balance and co-ordination). Children will practice and attempt to master the skills of travelling (running, turning, chasing, side-stepping, skipping, travelling in multiple directions/plains, climbing, jumping/landing) and body control (stillness, balance, change of direction/levels, weight on hands).
  2. Generic game skills – chasing, avoiding, throwing, catching, rolling, kicking and striking.

Children will need to develop basic movements skills first, and will continue to develop those skills alongside the generic game skills in time.

 It has been shown that the development of these skills has a cross-curricular link with children’s handwriting.

 

Health and fitness

Children will develop an understanding of what it means to be healthy and how that differs from being physically fit.

  Each lesson will be planned so that there is a high emphasis on sustained activity. Children will learn the importance of being and staying active throughout their lives, and how maintaining physical literacy will benefit them long into the future.

  This area has cross-curricular links with PHSE.

 

Gameplay

Through all year groups, children will experience a wide variety of games. Through these games children will learn the value of sportsmanship, the importance of following rules, communicating the others and adapting to challenges.

  As children progress into their later years at Middleton, opportunities to score, officiate and umpire.

  This area has cross-curricular links with personal development in PSHE.

 

Learning to practice and compete

Children will learn to practice on their own to try and improve their personal skills as well as learn to work with others in various group sizes. Students will learn to compete in various forms including self-competition, playing games/sports against other teams and taking part in tournaments.

  Children will experience failing at skills/losing and how to deal with this emotionally and the lessons that can be learnt from adapting their skills/tactics. Similarly, children will enjoy succeeding after being challenged and how to win with pride and dignity.

  The aim of this area of is to develop learning behaviours that will translate into all forms of life and the curriculum.

 

Swimming and water safety

During Year 4, all children are given the opportunity to demonstrate their competence at swimming. Usually, each class has a half term in which they are taken off-site for supervised swimming and water safety training.

  Once each class has had the opportunity to swim during the first half of the year, the second half of the year is dedicated to upskilling those Year 4 children who were not currently at the expected standard, and giving the opportunity to Year 5 and 6 children who had previously not met the expected standard more opportunities to get to the expected standard.

*Please note that due to the current situation, we are looking into how we can safely do this. This may mean that how we provide swimming and water safety differs to previous years.

 

Specific Sports

This section is split into 6 subcategories. The first 3 will be developed in every year group at Middleton, the final 3 apply to Key Stage 2 (Years 3-6).

  1. Dance – Children perform Dance’s from a range of styles with various movement patterns. In Key stage 2, children look at Ballroom Dancing, referencing the popular ‘Strictly come dancing’ television show to engage pupils.
  2. Gymnastics – Throughout their time at Middleton, children develop their strength. Flexibility, technique, control and balance in Gymnastic activities. Children will learn progressively more challenging skills and link those skills together to perform routines.
  3. Athletic activities – In the lower years, athletic activities are developed in every lesson as part of physical literacy. During the summer term this is then linked to sports days. Children in key stage 2 learn to adapt their basic physical literacy skills into more formal athletic events. Children will work on personal bests and be given the opportunity to compete against others.
  4. Invasion sports – traditional invasion sports are explicitly taught from Year 3. As children have huge access to football outside of School, it is not a focus in PE lessons. Children discover and progress their knowledge and skills in Basketball, Hockey, Netball and Tag Rugby throughout their years in Key Stage 2. The game principles taught here will help them access Secondary School PE.
  5. Net & wall games – During Years 3-5 children learn about both Tennis and Badminton. Children in Year 6 have a unit on Volleyball. Children will learn how to score and play tactically in Net and wall games, as well as further developing their hand-eye co-ordination
  6. Striking and fielding games – during Key stage 2, children will build upon some of the game principles taught in Key Stage 1, and use those skills in both Rounders and Cricket. Cricket is slightly more dominant in our curriculum now as Rounders has been taken off of the approve sports list for GCSE PE. However, as it is an enjoyable experience, it is still a part of our offer.

 

Below are the units of PE the children will study in each year group.

 

Foundation

  • Physical literacy (Gymnastics and Dance included)
  • Gameplay
  • Sports day activities

 

Year 1

  • Physical literacy (Gymnastics and Dance included)
  • Gameplay
  • Sports day activities
  • A basic introduction to health and fitness

 

Year 2

  • Physical literacy (Gymnastics and Dance included)
  • Gameplay
  • Learning to practice and compete
  • Sports day activities
  • A basic introduction to health and fitness

 

Year 3

  • Embed physical literacy
  • Game play
  • Learning to practice and compete
  • Health and fitness
  • Netball, Football, Hockey, Badminton, Striking and fielding games, Athletics

 

Year 4

  • Embed physical literacy
  • Game play
  • Learning to practice and compete
  • Health and fitness
  • Basketball, Hockey, Tag Rugby, Badminton, Cricket, Athletics

 

Year 5

  • Embed physical literacy
  • Game play
  • Learning to practice and compete
  • Health and fitness
  • Netball, Hockey, Tag Rugby, Badminton, Rounders, Athletics

 

Year 6

  • Embed physical literacy
  • Game play
  • Learning to practice and compete
  • Health and fitness
  • Basketball, Netball, Tag Rugby, Tennis/Volleyball, Cricket, Athletics
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